New essay (working draft): Indonesia: 1965 and the Counter-Revolution against the Nation.

Indonesia:  1965 and the Counter-Revolution against the Nation.

By Max Lane

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“The impact of the counter-revolution was, however, even deeper than the sum of these combined policies – from mass murder and terror to totalitarian imposed ignorance and passivity. The 1965 counter-revolution was a pre-emptive purge aimed at the prevention of the final unfolding and completion of the revolutions that were brewing: a national revolution as well as a social revolution.”

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Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world, of immense geopolitical strategic importance straddling the sea and air lanes between the Indian and Pacific oceans, and with substantial mineral resources. Yet today, and for the last 50 years, its international political presence has been almost zero, including on the Left. The primary reason for this is the 1965 counter-revolution in Indonesia and the consequent radical remaking-cum-unmaking of the country, the nation. On the one hand this counter-revolution produced an Indonesian state and economy that posed no threat to either western or Japanese imperial economic or geo-political interests, and on the other a society whose new post-counter-revolutionary experience would emasculate any progressive class fightback for decades, even until now, and thus also its intellectual and cultural life.

Continue reading “New essay (working draft): Indonesia: 1965 and the Counter-Revolution against the Nation.”

Buku UNFINISHED NATION (edisi Bahasa Indonesia) oleh Max Lane sudah dijual di GRAMEDIA dan toko buku lain.

Buku:

UNFINISHED NATION: Ingatan Revolusi, Aksi Massa dan Sejarah Indonesia
oleh Max Lane,
Penerbit Djaman Baroe (Versi Bahasa Inggeris penerbit VERSO, Lodon/New York)

Sudah beredar di berbagai toko buku, termasuk Gramedia. Kalau belum beli dan membaca: silahkan.

Kalau mau membantu mengedarkan silahkan SHARE posting ini. Dibawah ada komentar2 ttg buku tsb.

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Buku ini dengan sangat baik menggambarkan betapa penting peran kelompok pelopor mobilisasi massa dan aksi massa dalam menggerakkan sejarah Indonesia. Itu sebabnya buku ini hampir sepenuhnya berlawanan dengan pandangan peneliti tentang Indonesia selama ini, baik dari Indonesia sendiri maupun luar negeri, yang selalu menghilangkan peran massa, mobilisasi massa, aksi massa dan ingatan akan revolusi dalam melihat sejarah Indonesia paskakemerdekaan. Pradipto Niwandhono, Pengajar Sejarah Universitas Airlangga

Unfinished Nation ditulis dari sudut pandang seorang aktivis…manfaat buku ini tidak terbatas hanya pada pembaca yang memiliki perhatian yang sama dengannya. Saat mengetengahkan peran kekuatan rakyat dalam mengarahkan alih-ubah Indonesia, penulisnya merujuk dan memberikan ilham yang sangat bernilai…Unfinished Nation adalah kajian yang bernilai…Sangat kaya secara empirik dan menunjuk hal-ihwal yang penting bagi kalangan luas pembaca…” J.D Kenneth Boutin, Deakin University, Australia2014

“Unfinished Nation…adalah karya yang menakjubkan dalam berbagai segi yang menawarkan tinjauan mengenai Indonesia dengan padat dan menyeluruh sejak kemerdekaan…Ini adalah sebuah bahan yang bermanfaat; Saya membeli karya ini di Inggris dan membacanya tanpa henti hingga kembali ke Amerika…Bagi mereka yang tahu dan tidak tahun tentang Indonesia, inilah buku yang hebat. …Unfinished Nation tentu saja salah satu karya sejarah dan analisis politik terbaik saat ini. Max Lane berhak mendapatkan penghargaan dari kita karena telah menulisnya…” James Peacock, Profesor Antropologi di University of North Carolina

“Kesepakatan para sarjana ilmu politik pengamat Indonesia ditandai oleh ketidakpercayaan pada kemungkinan perubahan revolusioner ataupun kemampuan transformatif dari kelompok-kelompok tertundukkan. Pada studi politik Indonesia di Australia kita lantas menemui sedikit sekali perbedaan pendapat mengenai dinamika dasar dari politik Indonesia, sifat dasar masyarakatnya atau arah dari transformasi demokratik yang sebaiknya dijalani. Namun Max Lane merupakan satu-satunya penulis Australia ahli Indonesia yang berdiri di luar kesepakatan para ahli tadi.” Edward Aspinall, Knowing Indonesia, Monash, 2012

A NEW SHORT STORY: ABDUL AND LINA by Max Lane

Abdul and Lina.

A Short Story by Max Lane

He didn’t know what people would have thought if they could see him now. His mouth was wide open, his jaws aching from the stretching gape. It was if he was screaming. In fact he was, but there was no sound – except the horrific screech inside his mind. His hands gripped the metal frame under the bottom bunk that he was sitting on. He could feel the sharp steel edge cutting into his hand, but he couldn’t let go. The scream inside his head continued.

Was it his pain, he felt, or hers too Was it a pain they shared? She left crying, her cheeks wet from so many tears and her eyes red.

Or was it just his guilt He glanced down to his arm, just below the short sleeve. He could feel it, but only see it in his mind’s eye. He had told the Indian that he was going to break it off with her.

“It is impossible.” He had said, this time his eyes watering, the tears welling up. “It is impossible. She will be by herself with the child. I promised I would help. I shouldn’t have. I knew it was impossible.”

“It is not your child.”

“I know, but I promised.” He could feel too the fear of the pain he would soon inflict.

“Ok, you will feel guilty. You will have a guilt boil for a while.”

A guilt boil.

Now sitting on the bunk, alone in the cabin, he could see a festering, yellow, pussy boil, almost bubbling ooze on his arm.

His soundless scream continued.

The ship suddenly surged. A big swell. Then it settled but the movement startled him. He let go of the frame and looked at the red marks across his hands. He closed his eyes to try to resume control over his feelings. He stopped the silent pain-filled screech. He already missed her. It was his first ever love, even if only so brief.

But he knew. His task must come first. The ship was in Singapore harbour. His mind turned to how he would get ashore. He had no passport. It was 1967 and there was no way a former party activist could get a passport – except to a mass grave. He already knew what he would need to do tonight when it was dark. It scared him. It would not be easy. Continue reading “A NEW SHORT STORY: ABDUL AND LINA by Max Lane”

ARTIKEL: Indonesia, 1965: Merehabilitasi Korban, Merehabilitasi Revolusi

Artikel ini akan diterbitkan tahun depan dalam sebuah buku kumpulan tulisan saya tentang topik-topik yang berkaitan dengan ulangtahun ke50 persitiwa-persitiwa 1965 – yaitu: digulingkannya Sukarno, pembantaian massa pendukung Sukarno dan didirikannya Orde Baru.

Diterbitkan sekarang untuk menyambut film SENYAP, film sequel buat film JAGAL, yang baru-baru ini mulai ditayangkan.

Artikel ini bisa juga dibaca dalam bahasa Inggeris disini: CLICK HERE  (Versi bahasa Indonesia ini diterjehmahkan oleh Danial Indrakusuma.)

Artikel ini ditulis Agustus, 2013, sehingga referensi-referensi kontemporer masih zaman Presiden Yudhoyono.

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Setelah film JAGAL:  Indonesia, 1965: Merehabilitasi Korban, Merehabilitasi Revolusi

Sangatlah menggembirakan mengetahui ada diskusi, baik secara internasional maupun di dalam negeri Indonesia, yang semakin meningkat dan lebih terbuka yang membahas pembunuhan massal para pendukung Sukarno dan kaum Kiri Indonesia pada 1965-68, termasuk Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI). Kekejian brutal berdarah dingin dalam pembunuhan massal 1965 terungkap dalam pengakuan di film (dokumenter) “The Act of Killing (versi Indonesianya diberi judul “Jagal”), yang telah memainkan peranan yang sangat penting untuk memancing diskusi ini. Pengungkapan pada publik tentang temuan-temuan penting dalam laporan KOMNASHAM menegaskan mengenai peran sistimatis negara dan militernya dalam pembunuhan-pembunuhan tersebut, dan laporan tersebut telah diserahkan kepada pemerintah Indonesia saat ini. Juga sangatlah penting, bahwa pekerjaan pengungkapan tersebut dilakukan oleh mantan-mantan anggota organisasi-organisasi politik Kiri sebelum 1965, yang sekarang kebanyakan telah berusia lanjut, dalam mengangkat masalah tersebut dan penderitaan mereka, menggali kuburan massal, dan melalui bentuk-bentuk kampanye lain yang sangat penting. Mantan pemimpin Gerwani, Sulami, memainkan peran heroik dan mempelopori proses tersebut di kalangan kawan-kawannya. Ada juga hasil-hasil kasus pengadilan dalam menuntut konpensasi bagi milik yang hilang dan kekerasan yang dideritanya, yang kadang berhasil, kadang gagal.

Peran aktivis-aktivis yang lebih muda juga sangat penting di saat-saat tertentu. Penggalian kuburan massal yang pertama dilakukan pada masa Suharto oleh pendiri PRD, Danial Indrakusuma, yang bekerjasama dengan pembuat film dari Inggris, Max Stahl. Indrakusuma juga melakukan kembali dua upaya penggalian kuburan massal selama periode pendek masa peralihan Habibie.

Peningkatan aktivitas tersebut benar-benar telah memenangkan lebih banyak penampangan (profile) dan ruang yang lebih luas untuk mengkapanyekan dan me-lobi masalah rehabilitasi serta keadilan bagi para korban teror 1965-68. Dalam hal tersebut, bagaimana pun juga, kita haruslah mencatat bahwa keuntungan utamanya yang dimenangkannya adalah adanya peningkatan diskusi publik pada kadar yang masih rendah, bukan pergeseran menjadi opini publik, atau bukan perubahan pada level kebijakan negara. Negara, melalui pemerintahan Yudhoyono sekarang ini, telah mengabaikan laporan KOMNASHAM. Sebenarnya, Menteri Politik dan Keamanan telah memberikan pernyataan tentang pembunuhan massal 1965, yang dia pikir bisa dibenarkan karena pembunuhan massal itulah yang menjamin bisa terbentuknya Indonesia seperti sekarang ini. Ada rumor bahwa presiden akan meminta maaf, namun tak pernah dilaksanakan. Memang, rumor tersebut memicu serangkaian organisasi, termasuk Nahdlatul Ulama, untuk membuat pernyataan menolak sikap seperti itu.

Kemampuan melancarkan kampanye dan mendorong kasus-kasusnya ke pengadilan seperti itu menggambarkan perubahan atmosfir yang bisa sangat membantu sehingga, begitu Suharto turun takhta dan Orde Baru dapat diakhiri, maka berhenti pula propaganda nasional anti-PKI dari Orde Baru yang sebelumnya bertubi-tubi dan sistimatis. Perlambangan yang paling jelas adalah dihentikannya kewajiban yang sistimatis untuk memutar film yang mengerikan (namun brutalitasnya hidup), yakni film “Penghianatan G30S-PKI”. Anak-anak sekolah yang telah mengalami sistim sekolah selama 15 tahun terakhir ini tak mengalami pengkhinaan semacam itu. Sekarang telah terjadi perubahan. Sungguh, di sekolah-sekolah, kebijakan lama dalam mengacu pada soal G30S sebagai G30S-PKI baru-baru ini diperkenalkan kembali dengan pesan yang sangat menakut-nakuti, yang dimasukkan ke dalam sistim pelatihan guru.

Continue reading “ARTIKEL: Indonesia, 1965: Merehabilitasi Korban, Merehabilitasi Revolusi”

THE CHINESE IN INDONESIA – by Pramoedya Ananta Toer

13 March, 2008

HOKKIAU.gif

The Chinese in Indonesia, An English Translation of Hoakiau Di Indonesia (First Published in 1960)
by Pramoedya Ananta Toer; Max Lane (Translator)

About This Book
Pramoedya Ananta Toer (1925-2006) was undoubtedly Indonesia’s most significant novelist and writer. After the 1960 publication of this book, now translated for the first time, Pramoedya spent some 20 years in prison often in appalling conditions. The book sets out in the form of nine letters much of the author’s humanist and deeply anti-racialist philosophy as it discusses the history and needs of Indonesia’s large and long-established Chinese population who were facing increasing official discrimination. There also four essays on the author and his works by internationally recognised specialists in Indonesian history and literature.

AVAILABLE FROM SELECTS BOOKS

Price: US$24.86 (S$37.29*)
Region: Indonesia
Format: Paperback, 257 pages
Published: 2008, Singapore, 1st Edition
ISBN: 9789814022361
SB#: 042456

Pre-order new book: CATASTROPHE IN INDONESIA

CATASTROPHE IN INDONESIA

Max Lane

Cloth US$15.00 ISBN: 9781906497675   Pre-order now. Will publish October 2010. Distributed by University of Chicago Press for Seagull Books. Also available through internet booksellers.

A Singapore blog on UNFINISHED NATION: Indonesia before and after Suharto

First Singapore Blog comment on UNFINISHED NATION

10 July, 2008

07 July
“Unfinished Nation” has been released in Singapore for about a week now.

http://singaporestory.spaces.live.com/

Fight!

I just finished reading Max Lane’s Unfinished Nation –
a fairly concise recollection of Indonesia’s political
events including that of President Suharto who was
pushed out of power. Suharto was abandoned by
his close aides and generals at a time when he was
faced with unrests and demostrations by radicals,
students and workers under the banner of aksi and
reformasi.

Aksi resulted in everything and anything being
challenged by the people, and corrupt
officials were the main targets.

The mass protestors took up issues like social welfare,
price increases in the aftermath of the financial crisis
in 1997. In 1998 President Surharto finally stepped down
from a 33 years dictatorship.

Above all the rhetorics what impressed in the book
was this little inspirational poem that played a part
in aksi and reformasi. This extremely popular poem was
written by a trishaw rider, carpenter and later a poet,
Wiji Thukul.

Here’s the poem –

Warning
if the people leave
while the rulers deliver their speeches
we must be vigilant
perhaps they have lost hope
if the people hide away
and whisper
when discussing their problems
then rulers should beware and learn to listen
if the people dont dare complain
then things are dangerous
and if what the rulers say
may not be rejected
truth must surely be under threat
and if suggestions are refused without consideration
voices silenced, criticisms banned without reason
accused of subversion and of disturbing security
then there is only one word : fight!

I believe aksi reformasi is
still ongoing in Indonesia. It is there to ensure
that no President will run Indonesia with an iron fist again.
It reminds those in power that the
welfare of the people must come first.

It’s quite extraordinary that even a powerful
and seemingly unshakable President Surharto
was unable to counter the united people force
that was determined to fight and sack the
establishment.

After reading the book I felt as if the poem
was referring to us in Singapore, because
there is this general perception that our
Government is disconnected from the people.
However, it’s unlikely we will ever see the
last line ‘fight’ ever take place (hopefully never)
because Singaporeans simply don’t have
the Indonesian type of courage to ‘fight’
the government.

footnote: aksi is a form of political action, protest
mobilization in the form of strikes hunger strikes,
rallies, marches and sit-ins which also eventually
affects existing social, cultural, political
and economic processes.